Personal, social and emotional development involves helping children to develop a positive sense of themselves, and others; to form positive relationships and develop respect for others; to develop social skills and learn how to manage their feelings; to understand appropriate behaviour in groups; and to have confidence in their own abilities.
Children will know how to show an understanding of their own feelings and those of others and begin to regulate their behaviour accordingly. They will know how to set their own goals and work towards them and they will be able to wait for what they want and control their impulses when appropriate. They will know how to give focussed attention to what the teacher says and follow instructions involving several ideas or actions.
Children will know how to be confident when trying new activities and they will show independence, resilience and perseverance in the face of challenge. They will know how to explain the reasons for rules and know right from wrong and behave accordingly. They will know how to manage their own basic hygiene and personal needs and they will know about the importance of healthy food choices.
Children will know how to work and play co-operatively and takes turns with others. They will know how to form positive attachments to adults and friendships with other children. They will know how to show sensitivity to their own and others' needs.